Many of us will experience gingivitis at some time in our lives. (Nearly 75% of people over age 35 now have gum disease or have experienced it previously.) Fortunately with immediate proper care, this type of gum disease is completely reversible.
Gingivitis is caused by infrequent or incorrect brushing and flossing which results in plaque build up on tooth surfaces, between teeth and under the gumline. Symptoms occur when bacteria in the plaque produce toxins that irritate gum tissue, causing gum tenderness, inflammation pain and bleeding.
If the disease is allowed to progress there will be a tendency for the gums to bleed during brushing. In cases of acute gingivitis, more severe symptoms occur. It is very painful and smelly
Prevention of Gingivitis
Proper brushing and flossing, and the use of an anti-plaque rinse and plaque-fighting toothpaste all help to inhibit the plaque build-up that causes gingivitis. Regular “maintenance” visits to your dentist ensure plaque is kept to a minimum
Periodontitis is a disease that occurs when bacterial toxins penetrate the structures under the gingiva and cause inflammation of the periodontal ligament and the bone structure which supports the teeth. Although the effects of this inflammation may be irreversible, the disease’s progress can be halted and controlled.
Because periodontitis may occur without visible symptoms, it is important for your dental professional to examine regularly for increased gum pocket depths, one of the earliest signs of the disease.
may be associated with tooth sensitivity: throbbing or tightness may be felt in the gum tissue. Periodontal disease can, however progress slowly without any visible signs or symptoms.
may cause loosening of the teeth, and an intensification and increased incidence of early periodontal symptoms.
is associated with gum recession, root decay, pus between teeth and gums, and loosening or loss of teeth.
Prevention of Periodontitis
Regular attendance at your dentist’s surgery for assessment and maintenance is the best way to prevent the onset of Periodontitis. About 15% of the population has a form of periodontal disease that is very destructive and in spite of control will lead to the eventual loss of teeth.